Matrix is the perfect example of a two-dimensional array. It has row and column. A row represents one dimension and column represents the second dimension. For example matrix[4][5], it has 4 rows, each row consisting 5 elements i.e matrix[0] has 5 elements, matrix[1] has 5 elements and so on. In this example, two matrices are added and the result is displayed. Addition is done with corresponding elements of individual matrix i.e. matrix1[0][0] is added with matrix2[0][0].

The complete source code and output are given here….(The code is also available on GitHub). Here are related articles about matrix operation.

The complete source code and output are given here….(The code is also available on GitHub). Here are related articles about matrix operation.

**Source Code**

//Sum of two matrices using two dimensional array #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> int main(){ int matrix1[10][10], matrix2[10][10], sum[10][10], i, j, m,n,p,q; printf("Enter the order of first matrix: "); scanf("%d%d",&m,&n); printf("Enter the order of second matrix: "); scanf("%d%d",&p,&q); if(m!=p && n!=q){ printf("Order of matrix did not matched!!"); exit(0); } printf("Enter first matrix: \n"); for(i = 0 ; i < m; i++){ for(j = 0; j < n; j++) scanf("%d", &matrix1[i][j]); } printf("Enter second matrix: \n"); for(i = 0 ; i < p; i++){ for(j = 0; j < q; j++) scanf("%d", &matrix2[i][j]); } for(i = 0 ; i < m; i++){ for(j = 0; j < n; j++) sum[i][j] = matrix1[i][j] + matrix2[i][j]; } printf("The sum of the matrix is :\n"); for(i = 0 ; i < m; i++){ for(j = 0; j < n; j++){ printf("%d", sum[i][j]); printf("\t"); } printf("\n"); } return 0; }

**re>**

**Output**

The above program allocates the fixed memory to store the matrix. The program below shows the dynamic memory allocation to allocates the memory to store the matrix.

#include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> int main(int argc, char *argv[]) { int rows, columns, i, j; int **matrix1, **matrix2; if (argc != 3) { printf("Usage: outputfile rows columns\n"); exit(1); } rows = atoi(argv[1]); columns = atoi(argv[2]); // allocate memory for matrices matrix1 = (int**) malloc (sizeof(int*) * columns); for (i = 0; i < columns; i++) { matrix1[i] = (int*) malloc(sizeof(int*) * rows); } matrix2 = (int**) malloc (sizeof(int*) * columns); for (i = 0; i < columns; i++) { matrix2[i] = (int*) malloc(sizeof(int*) * rows); } // get matrices from user printf("Enter the first matrix: \n"); for(i = 0 ; i < rows; i++) for(j = 0; j < columns; j++) scanf("%d", &matrix1[i][j]); printf("Enter the second matrix: \n"); for(i = 0 ; i < rows; i++) for(j = 0; j < columns; j++) scanf("%d", &matrix2[i][j]); // add two matrices for(i = 0 ; i < rows; i++){ for(j = 0; j < columns; j++) matrix2[i][j] = matrix1[i][j] + matrix2[i][j]; } // display the result printf("The sum of the matrix is :\n"); for(i = 0 ; i < rows; i++){ for(j = 0; j < columns; j++){ printf("%d ", matrix2[i][j]); } printf("\n"); } return 0; }

Thanks nice set of programs for beginners

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ReplyDeleteI like it very much sir

Nice

ReplyDeleteI like it very much sir

nice

ReplyDeleteit is very easy to understand.

thank u.. sir

how can i write an algorithm for this problem ??? may i know sir

ReplyDeletecrystal clear

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